Poll Finds That Workers Dislike Penalties In Wellness Programs

Workers believe employer wellness programs should be all gain but no pain, according to a poll released this week.

The poll from the Kaiser Family Foundation found employees approve of corporate wellness programs when they offer perks, but recoil if the plans have punitive incentives such as higher premiums for those who do not take part. (Kaiser Health News is an editorially independent program of the foundation.)

Wellness programs, which are encouraged under the federal health law, are structured in various ways. In some plans, the worker has to join a particular program, such as an exercise class, while others focus on outcomes, such as the employees’ blood sugar or cholesterol. Evidence is mixed about whether any substantially improve workers’ health or lower costs to employers and insurers.

A strong objection to penalties for non-participation

The poll found 76 percent of workers thought it was appropriate for employers to offer wellness programs that promote healthy behavior. But a majority opposed wellness plans that had financial repercussions for workers: 62 percent did not think employers should charge higher health insurance premiums to workers who did not participate, and 74 percent said management should not charge more to those who did not reach health goals.

The Obama administration is allowing employers to link up to 30 percent of health premiums to wellness programs. Penalties and rewards for participating in a tobacco cessation program can be as high as 50 percent of the insurance plan cost.

KFF-poll-wellness-500The poll found that among workers who get health insurance from their employer, 48 percent said there was a wellness program in their workplace. Six out of 10 people said they participate; women were more likely to take part than men.

On another topic, the pollsters found that six of 10 people are following the problems at Veterans Affairs hospitals, some of which are accused of covering up the long waits some patients had before getting care. The VA scandal is the most closely followed health story of the year so far, the poll found, though more people have paid attention to the missing Malaysia Airlines flight, the kidnapped Nigerian schoolgirls and the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

Little change in larger view of Obamacare

Some 63 percent think the problems are widespread throughout the VA, while 22 percent believe they are isolated to a few facilities. Those who live in a household with someone who served in the military are even more likely to believe the problems are systemic.

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However, the poll indicated there are gaps in knowledge: Of those who said they are following the VA scandal “very” or “fairly” closely, two out of three were able to correctly answer that Gen. Eric Shinseki resigned as Obama’s secretary of veterans affairs.

The poll found little change from last month in how the public views the health law. For the first time, however, more people said they were basing their impressions on their own experiences and those of friends or family, instead of on information gleaned from television, radio and newspapers.

“As implementation proceeds, more people may be having direct experience with the law themselves or through their loved ones,” the pollsters theorized. “It’s also possible that as coverage of the law has been out of the media spotlight for the last few months, fewer people are hearing about it in the news, resulting in a declining share who report taking cues from the media.”

The poll was conducted June 12 through June 18 among 1,202 adults. The margin of error was +/- 3 percentage points for the general population and larger for subgroups.

This article is from kaiserhealthnews.org and published with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent news service, is a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonpartisan health care policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente.

Jordan Rau came to Kaiser Health News when it was started in 2009 from the Los Angeles Times, where he covered California government and health care politics in Sacramento. He previously reported for Newsday in New York, the Concord Monitor in New Hampshire and two newspapers in Vermont. Contact him at jrau@kff.org.

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