3 Reasons Why Women Walk Away From Leadership Positions

One of the many societal changes sparked by the women’s liberation movement of the 1960s and ‘70s was a shift in gender role ideology. The new way of thinking was especially empowering to working women, as it opened doors for them to take on and succeed in high-level positions.

This progressive energy in the workplace continued to grow throughout the ‘80s and ‘90s until just after the turn of the century, when it reached a plateau. According to a 2014 report from the Center for American Progress, less than 9% of women in the U.S hold top management positions and the amount of women on all corporate boards has been stuck in the 12% range over the past decade.

And the small number of women in high-level careers aren’t staying in their positions.

Why is that?

There are a number of reasons, but they all seem to share a common issue — women executives don’t have as many opportunities to advance their careers as men do.

Data from workplace ratings website InHerSight surrounding this issue is consistent with similar national statistics. The site compared ratings from senior and executive women who left their job to those who stayed. The data showed there were three specific areas with which women who quit were markedly dissatisfied.

1. Lack of opportunities for women

InHerSight defines this to include opportunities like promotions, leadership roles, salary increases and incentive programs.

One major opportunity women are less likely to receive is access to “hot jobs,” according to a Catalyst analysis. This means women get fewer mission-focused roles and the type of travel opportunities that can advance their careers. Men, the report found, get more of the opportunities that can advance a career, including leading projects with big budgets and large teams, and some involve receiving international assignments.

One woman, rating her employer on InHerSight, demonstrates the frustration:

As a supervisor in a female heavy department, the ability to move up is impossible. The same role in another department allows for key-holder status which is a step up into lower management. Trying to gain key-holder status in my position was like pulling teeth, and therefore impossible to move up. I left after over a year because I felt like no one wanted or cared if I could continue my career here.

2. Poor female representation in leadership

This disparity is in part a direct result of this lack of advancement opportunities. What’s important to recognize are the obstacles in the way of that advancement.

For instance, survey data from Pew Research Center says that respondents frequently cited two reasons women aren’t holding leadership roles:

  1. They’re held to higher standards than men
  2. There’s a lack of readiness for companies to hire women for top executive positions.

Interestingly, the study shows that workers are aware of this problem.

Respondents across four generations (silent to millennial) and three political parties (Republican, Democrat and Independent) agree that it’s easier for men to land top executive positions than women.

Senior women leave, in part, because they look around and don’t see anyone like them.

3. Inflexible work hours

A 2014 survey of nonworking adults between 25 and 54 names family responsibilities as a reason why 61% of women weren’t working, in contrast to the 37% of men citing the same reason. This is perhaps because women take on childcare duties far more often than do men.

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Among those surveyed in a McKinsey & Company study, most men said they were primary breadwinners but not primary caregivers, while about half of the women said that they were both primary breadwinners and primary caregivers.

In an economy where women’s paychecks account for nearly 40% of a typical family’s total earnings, women are forced to take on both roles.

To make things easier, women often leave their careers open to “increase predictability and lessen travel,” the McKinsey study says. But this can be difficult when full-time jobs are the only option, which is frequently the case.

Three percent of managers (men and women) and less than 1% of more senior executives work part-time.

100 years to C-suite equality

While the above factors help explain why women, much more often than men, leave high level careers, they also help explain why so few women are in those jobs in the first place.

The McKinsey study found that at the entry and midlevel, the percentage of women and men who aspire to advance is not far apart — 69% of women vs. 74% of men. But twice the percentage of men (36%) want to reach the CEO versus only 18% of women. One way to change that, notes the report, is for companies to “build on women’s short-term aspirations to motivate them and help them grow into directors and vice presidents; each step builds confidence for taking the next.”

However, says another McKinsey report (in conjunction with LeanIn.org), at the current rate of advancement it will take 25 years before women reach equality at the senior VP level and over 100 years in the C-suite.

There are ways to change this, but they start with companies getting involved in the issue.

Shannon Cuthrell is a student journalist, published poet and lifelong writer.

Her articles have been featured on print media sources and websites like ExitEvent, Uloop, Mountain Times and Watauga Democrat and High Country Magazine. And her poems have been published in The Peel Literary and Arts Review, Some Weird Sin Literary Magazine, Beet Zine and in three of Old Mountain Press' poetry anthologies.

When she was 21 years old, her book of poems, The Great Repression, was published by Think Piece LLC, a Minneapolis-based publishing company.

She is finishing up her degree in communication journalism, with minors in English and psychology at Appalachian State University in mountainous Boone, NC. After she graduates in December 2016, she intends to dive into her career as a reporter.

Shannon is a contributing writer for InHerSight, whose mission is to improve the workplace for women by measuring it. InHerSight brings women’s insights together into a common framework to show what’s working and what’s not at companies, and to help more women find their ideal workplace.


Contact Shannon at shannoncuthrell@gmail.com

For more information, visit http://shannoncuthrell.weebly.com


2 Comments on “3 Reasons Why Women Walk Away From Leadership Positions

  1. I could not agree more with this article however I would also like to point out the fact that the lack of opportunities is often linked to the lack of relationship building in the work environment.
    A lot of Executive leaders did manage to reach the professional ladder not only because of their level of experience and expertise (in some cases there were none as I witnessed myself!) but because of their capabilities to build strong relationships with others and to do some networking.
    A CPO from a large multibillion pounds organisation was not long ago challenged by some female employees in a group meeting to explain why there was no female within the leadership team or considered to cover VP or Director roles. The chocking response was ‘simply’ because he was selecting on purpose ‘people he was getting on well with’ and was more comfortable around men.
    So here is something women should consider:
    1. Try and review their interpersonal skills and learn better strategic ways to build relationship with the board of Management
    2. If this is still not going anywhere then consider starting your own business. It is as much hard work but so much more rewarding!

  2. From paragraph #4: “There are a number of reasons, but they all *seem* to share a common issue — women executives don’t ***have*** as many opportunities to advance their careers as men do.”

    Alternative hypothesis: It *seems* women do not ****take advantage of**** as many opportunities to advance.

    My own observation is that many women get satisfaction from that other “primary role as caregivers for their children.” And therefore, prefer to spend time with their families. Networking is hard work, and time consuming. While women *seem* better at it than men in the sense of being more natural/genetically -gifted relationship builders, men *seem* more motivated to spend the time doing it to advance their careers, and are more willing to sacrifice their family/personal life to do so.

    RE Inflexible work hours: Work days are work days. It is when most people are working, thus allowing immediate and useful communication. It is when business gets conducted. If someone is interested in advancing their career, they are going to have to put in extra hours before and after normal workdays. Not as many women may not be as interested in working those extra hours.

    TL;DR: Perhaps there are fundamental differences in motivations and interests between men and women that impact their actual activities with regards to advancing their careers.

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